Although founded by the Hittites more than three millennia ago and settled on by a succession of civilizations, Ankara was a sleepy village until 1923, when the founders of the new republic decided to build their capital here form scratch. As a centrally planned, administrative metropolis Ankara offers everything that an urban center must possess. The nation's best museum - the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations is well worth a visit. It is nearly impossible to miss the Anitkabir Ataturk's Mausoleum, an architectural symbol of national consciousness.